Reverse osmosis water, also known as RO, is the water resulting from this process, which purifies water with the help of semi-permeable membranes. It is widely used to make water drinkable in areas where it is scarce.
Reverse osmosis in water is mainly applied to seawater or brackish water, so according to the type of water, the membrane may vary. We find high energy, low rejection, brackish water and low fouling membranes.
Why do you perform reverse osmosis?
Reverse osmosis water is obtained through this process which consists of a treatment that removes impurities from the water by passing it through a semi-permeable membrane. It will get rid of ions, molecules and large particles.
This process is mainly used in sea water or salt water to make it drinkable, being used by plants or spaces where fresh water is scarce.
For this process to occur, it is important that pressure is exerted on the water so that it is pushed to pass through the membrane. According to this, the membrane can be different.
How does the reverse osmosis process work?
The reverse osmosis process is carried out in osmosis plants where a large number of pipes, pre-treatment systems, pumping equipment and even chemical dosing equipment are involved.
However, in a general sense, the process is as follows: the water passes through different pipes with high pressure level and part of this water is directed to the membranes where it will get rid of its large particles.
These particles are trapped in the membrane and a concentrated solution is also involved which removes the loose particles from the water that has passed through the membrane.